Getting Started With App Push Notifications

A Definitive Guide To Understand How App Push Notifications Work

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Push notifications have converted the mobile landscape into a playground for apps to tango in. It dates back to 2003 when Research In Motion (RIM) commercialized push notifications. And its product, Blackberry’s mass adoption was majorly attributed to its push notification feature, where it alerted users when a mail was received. In 2009, Apple launched Apple push notification service and Google followed the steps soon after. And the rest as we know it is history. 

We have now come a long way, and push notifications still remain hotter than a Brooklynite coming on to a cronut. Well, good things come in small packages, and app push notifications nail it when it comes to engaging, retaining, and building a loyal audience.

 

What are push notifications?

 

What-Are-Push-Notifications-

A push notification is a bite-sized message sent to users who have installed an app on the mobile device. Mobile push notifications are automatically enabled for users on Android devices, as for iOS devices users, they have to explicitly give permission to receive push notifications from the app.

App push notifications can be sent even when the user is not actively using the app, which makes it possible to engage and interact with the audience base effectively and bring them back to the desired page.

The push notifications are delivered to the users in real-time regardless of the mobile being on silent mode, locked or unlocked. All push notifications appear in the notification tray/notification center, making it evidently visible and easily accessible.

 

What is the user's experience of push notifications?

Users allotting real-estate on their phones by downloading the app show that they are connected to your brand. It is likely that they would want to hear from you on topics pertaining to their interests. Push notifications make it possible to reach out to the users instantly and inform them about a piece of breaking news, a video that you just posted, an article that they would like, a petition that might be of interest to them, or even something as trivial as funny cat videos.

Imagine receiving a push notification that intimates you that a painting masterclass is about about to start. Or notifications that alert you about a sale that is going to begin or a notification that informs you that the lockdown has now finally ended! Push notifications help users stay informed and abreast of the latest happenings.

 

Where do push notifications appear on Android and iOS?

There are 3 places where mobile notification notifications is displayed to a user - like a pop-up alert or banner when the user is using the phone, on the notification tray (Android)/notification center (iOS)if they do not immediately interact with the notification once it is received, and on the lock screen (unless disabled) even when they are not using their phone. Here is a depiction of where your users can find your notifications-

appearance android_1


Android Push Notification

On Android, users can see the notifications in the notification tray by swiping down. The notifications are clubbed and displayed in the order of priority. Android users can swipe down to see an integrated pane of both system controls and notifications, unlike on iOS. Once a notification is received users can slightly swipe left or right to see options like Settings and Snooze.

appearance ios


iOS push notification

For iPhone users, you can swipe up to see various system controls and swipe down to see the recent iOS push notification (for some devices, the control center is moved to a swipe down direction). Push notifications are clubbed and listed in chronological order. iOS also lets users make changes to how you receive a push notification at an individual app level. Once a notification is received, a user can swipe left to find options like Manage, View, and Clear. Users have the ability to make this change from inside Settings > App Name.

Anatomy of push notifications

Both Android push notification and iOS push notification are distinct. Though both seem similar in the first shot, they have some differences that you should be aware of. Here are a few things you need to keep in mind when you send out mobile push notifications-

Android-Anatomy-App-push

 

 

Push notifications on Android

  • If a small icon is not defined, the Default Icon for Android, which is a Bell (🔔) will be displayed to the user
  • Time Stamp shows the time the notification was received. It can not be changed since it is provided by Android at which the notification came.
  • The arrow next to the Time Stamp (Inverted ^) would appear next to the timestamp which, if clicked would minimize or maximize the notification banner image.
  • The inverted arrow would only be shown if the notification either has image or CTAs
  • A max of 3 CTA’s can be made use of prompting users to take action.

 

 

 

 

 

Push notifications on iOS

  • The image on the right is a compressed version of the banner image/Gif. On iOS, the banner image or the gif gets picked up as an icon and does not have an option to add an icon separately. 
  • There is also an option to add a subtitle along with the notification
  • Users can expand the notification to reveal the banner image by clicking on ‘View’ (which can be found by slightly swiping left or by using 3D Touch/Force Touch). 
  • Up to 4 CTA’s can be made use of nudging users to take action.
iOS-Anatomy-App-push-1

 

Why do marketers use push notifications?


In this fast-paced life, users are in the loop with everything that is going around and also be with things that interest them. What could be an easier way than to be spoon-fed information with a solution that provides relevant information on the go? Being the last person in the room to know something important is not a good feeling, and FOMO makes one stay updated, always. An average US mobile user receives 46 app push notifications per day.

In this age of immediacy, push notifications have made its mark by reaching out to users at the right time with relevant information to the right users in real-time. It is quick to engage and spur a response from the users. Businesses across industries, especially publishers have already had reaped benefits and consider app push a valuable asset in their marketing stack along with web push notifications, messenger push notifications, and email. 

App push notifications are heavily used as a communication channel to grab users’ attention and engage users. Here are 3 ways push notifications are used to drive the marketing flywheel.

 

Content-Distribution

 

Content Distribution

Publishing content is not enough. The marketing of the content becomes vital to bring users back to your app. With app push notifications, inform users every time you push out new articles, podcasts, video content, social posts, videos, and so on.

Retargeting-4

 

Retargeting

Bring users back to your app and make them complete the desired action. Have they left a video half-seen or did not read an article to completion? Send them a push notification and bring them back to continue where they left off.

Retentionicon

 

Retention

With app push, users can be engaged constantly for your brand to be on top of their minds. Provide them with a good user experience for them to keep interacting with your push notifications and make them keep coming for more.

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How app push notifications are different from web push notifications?

  • Native app notifications can take full advantage of the device features - the camera, GPS, accelerometer, compass, contact list and current location, whereas web push notifications can’t tap into any of these features yet.
  • As Native apps can only be installed on tablets and smartphones, native app notifications are limited to these devices only. Web push notifications on the other hand can be used to reach users on Desktop as well.
  • Native app notifications support rich media - images, videos, gifs, audio, and other interactive elements. Web push notifications as of now, only support large images (only on Chrome 56 and above).

 

Amp the subscription experience

First and foremost, users need to download your app from the Play Store or the App Store. Android users get automatically enrolled for notifications once your app is downloaded. As for users on iOS, they specifically have to opt-in for your notifications. How to enable push notifications-

Subscription for Android push notification

It is as easy as it gets. All the user has to do is download the app, launch the app at least once and notifications can be sent to them without them having to interact with a subscription prompt. You can start sending them notifications and engage them right away and bring them to the desired screen. It could be a welcome notification promoting the most popular article or something that is trending. 

Subscription-for-Android-push-notification

 

Subscription for iOS push notification

There are two ways in which readers can subscribed to app push notifications on iOS.

explicit (1)


Explicit consent from app

This is a native prompt, and hence can not be customized. This push notifications for iPhone prompt is displayed as soon as a user downloads an app and opens it or after a specific custom activity, such as - after a user signs in, provide them a  button to opt-in for notifications (at customer’s end).

Usually, apps display the prompt on app launch as the chances of users subscribing to notifications are higher with app download. The prompt provides users with an option to click on Allow or Don’t Allow. If they click Allow they will start receiving notifications. This can be changed anytime from
the settings.

provisional (1)


Provisional authorization

Show and tell. Instead of asking for consent on app launch, the experience of consent is embedded inside the notification. This gives the users an idea of the kind push notifications for iPhone, they can receive from you and then make an informed decision.

This push notification on iPhone is silently delivered - they don’t interrupt the user with a sound or banner, or appear on the lock screen. They only appear in the notification center’s history. If clicked on Keep Receiving, they would be asked - If the user wants to receive the push notifications on iPhone Quietly or if they want it to be Delivered Prominently with them being alerted with sound or badge.

What are silent notifications?

Silent notifications are push notifications that get delivered to your users without being alerted with any sound or visual. The users do not realize they have received a push notification. This is to ensure that the users get the information without being interrupted. Silent push notifications can be used to send information that is not time-sensitive and that does not require immediate user interaction. Here is an example for silent notifications by Google maps-

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Users receive a chunk of push notifications every day and sometimes tend to get annoying, making the user uninstall the app. As for businesses, sending a silent push notification is also a useful way of processing data in the background, passing custom data to the app, or updating the app itself, since this is passive information and not something that the user needs to interact with. This also helps in tracking uninstalls and to keep your subscriber base updated.

Segment your audience
to cater better

The mantra to engagement is in sending relevant push notifications and not bombarding the users with every single push notification. Gain a better understanding of your users, segment them according to their likes, behavior, location and so to target the right users with the right app push notifications. Segment, target and slay.

Demographic

Users can be segmented based on age group, gender, and ethnicity to send them push notifications that are relevant to them. For example, an article on ‘5 ways to groom your beard’ will be relevant to users who are male.

Psychographics

Capture user interest, keep tabs on genre articles read, the videos they watch, and more, to strike the right chord. These need to be taken into account to provide users with information and updates on topics that they like to read about.

User Behaviour

Segment users based on their behavior traits. What does their session duration look like? Do they read an article to completion? How many times do they visit your app? Bring back your dormant users affected with a segmentation like this. 

Segment your audience

User engagement 

Segment users based on the engagement on the app. It is a beautiful way to reach out to dormant users with content you think they will like, and bring them back to your app. For example - Target users who installed your app 10 days ago but their session count(unique) is < 2. 

Language

Reach out to users in a language that they are comfortable with. This comes in handy especially when your reader base is from different regions that speak different languages. Also, maintain brand consistency by notifying users in the language your publication is in.

Hyper-local

Readers resonate with local content and the changes of engaging with the notification are higher. People have a sense of belonging to their locality and news pertaining to the vicinity makes it a thumb stopper and quinces FoMO.

Timezone

Target users from a particular time zone for maximum impact. Tap the right marketable moment, reach out to them at the right time, and engage better. Imagine receiving a push notification at 3 AM in the night on how 4 tips to wake up early.

Audience Segmentation Framework

A list of 45+ segments gathered over 3 years that have given our customers amazing results. Make use of this resource and get your segmentation game rolling.

GET THE SEGMENTS

Supercharging audience engagement

The mantra to engage users is by sending them contextual push notifications at the right marketable moment. Being consistent with providing information that resonates with the reader brings you one step closer to building a loyal user base.

personalised-notifications

 

Personalized notifications

Send notifications addressed directly to the user. User-specific notifications such as including the name of the user, subscription expiry fall under this.

Target--notifications

 

Target notifications

Notifications that target a specific segment of users based on gender, location, behavior, interest, and so on. This helps in reaching out to a set of readers to get maximum impact.

Broadcast-notifications-

 

Broadcast notifications

Notifications are sent to your entire subscription list. These notifications cater to the entire audience and notify everyone at lightning speed.

Role of push notifications in marketing

Marketers make use of app push notifications to engage, retain and gradually build a loyal audience base. There are different ways push notifications can delight users and make the users revisit. Here are a few use cases that will inspire to create delightful notifications-

How are Newsrooms using Push Notifications?

It makes or breaks for news and media businesses to reach out to the users at the right time with the right messaging. It's a game of grabbing the attention of the user and making them click on the notifications. Here are 3 use cases that will inspire you to create amazing push notifications-

  • Updates in real-time

    Send breaking news, important news flash, score updates, and so on in real-time so that the users are up-to-date.

  • Recover abandoned screen

    Users tend to get distracted but they can always be brought back! Send them a notification at the right marketable moment and make them revisit.

  • Category-specific notifications

    Sending specific notifications related to users’ interest to keep them in the loop of what they are keen to read. These notifications usually attract more interactions.

 


How are Bloggers using Push Notifications?

In this era where almost everyone has a blog, grabbing user attention with content they like at the right moment is more important than ever. Bringing in repeat visitors and making them stay is easy with app push notifications. Here are a few users you can give a shot-

 

  • New content announcement

    Notify users every time you publish something new. Get more eyeballs and nudge than to visit your site.

  • Recover abandoned videos

    Notify users every time you publish something new. Get more eyeballs and nudge than to visit your site.

  • Engage dormant users

    Bring back inactive users by sending them notifications on topics that interest them. You could also slide in a free course and so on.

Automate to increase efficiency

Work smarter and not harder. Automate your push notifications and prioritize other important tasks effectively. Remove the drain of repetitive tasks to save time, effort and get more done. Skip the last-minute mad rush, and set everything on autopilot to engage and bring back users even when you are playing fetch with your dog.

Scheduled-notification-3

 

Scheduled Notifications

Create push notifications to be delivered at a future date and time. This lets you maximize the time, and helps avoid making last-minute blunders.

Reccurring-2

 

Recurring Notifications

Set push notifications to be sent on a periodical basis to keep users engaged. These notifications are sent on a recurring basis and act as reminders.

Drip-2

 

Drip Notifications

Create a series of notifications to be sent one after another at a predefined time. Keep users engaged with a set of notifications by just setting it up once.

Triggered-2

 

Triggered Notifications

Set triggers on specific user actions to send notifications to capture them at the right time. Bring them back and encourage them to complete the desired action.

Best Practices

  • Send relevant and personalized messages. Users are 38% less likely to uninstall an app after receiving a personalized message.
  • Observe the time of the day when people open your notifications the most and leverage it
  • Location insights around app users to send them relevant information in the place they are currently in.
  • Make use of emojis, make your copy catchy, use different multimedia formats, and use CTAs.
  • Conduct an A/B test

What not to do

  • Don't bombard the users with a lot of push notifications. Spamming leads to app uninstallation.
  • Don't keep the copy too long. The best performing push messages are under 25 characters.
  • Don't send users to the app homepage if the CTA button indicates differently. Take deep links seriously. 
  • Don't send each and every push notification to your entire audience base. 30% of users opt-out of messages that aren’t relevant. 

Must track Push notifications KPIs

to drive better results

CTRs

The idea behind sending a notification is to encourage users to click on the notification and land back on your app. CTRs need to be tracked to know how effective your push campaign is. Influenced opens also needs to be taken into consideration as a lot of users directly open the app influenced by the notifications they have seen.

Active users

Daily, weekly and monthly active users need to be tracked to know the stickiness of your app. This is a clear reflection of user engagement, by tracking people who open the app in a given time frame. This is based on the individual and not the number of sessions, For example, in DAU, a user opening the app four times a day, is counted as one.

Avg Session

Track both average and unique open to know how your app is performing. A good way to track the number of sessions you generate is by taking a ratio of DAU and MAU. You also need to track session length to know the duration a user spends on your app. For publishers, the session interval is also a metric that can be tracked.

Retention rate

Track the percentage of users returning to your app in a given period of time. Returning users on your app on a consistent basis shows high retention, which translates to your app being valuable for them. Track the number of users who open your app regularly, keep tabs on the percentage of uninstalls MoM as well. Retention is inversely related to churn.

KPIs (1)

 

Future updates to look out for


A major highlight of Android 11 is "dedicated, persistent space,” as google calls it. With this update the notifications will have 3 distinct labels in the notification tray - Conversations, Alerting notifications and Silent notifications respectively. Putting message conversations as priority. The message count indicator will also be bigger and easy to read. 

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Source

You can also control where silent notifications show up, you can keep them from showing up on the lock screen or the status bar. This update allows users to long press a notification and change an alerting notification into a silent notification from the options provided.

If you accidentally dismiss a notification, with this update you can go to notification history and find it again. 

Beta 3 is expected to release in early August, 2020 and the final release of Android 11 as of now is set to release on September 8, 2020.

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